Is a newborn at 40 weeks 0 day considered post term in coding?
Please advise on the appropriate code for a newborn that is born at 40 weeks and 0 days. I’ve reviewed AHA Coding Clinic regarding gestational age and didn’t find one that specifically addressed if an infant born at 40w0days would be considered post-term and code P08.21, assigned. Per the ICD-10- Handbook, post term is defined as:
“Post-term is defined as gestational period of more than 40 completed weeks to 42 completed weeks. Prolonged gestation or post-maturity is defined as a gestational period of more than42 completed weeks”
There seems to be differences of opinions on the issue of a 40w0day gestation Can you clarify if P08.21 should be assigned for 40w0day infant or if it would not be assigned unless the infant’s gestation age was 40w1day or greater?
I am taking the strict definition of “more than” 40 weeks. 40 weeks is not “more than” 40 weeks, it *is* 40 weeks. So, the baby is not post term until after 40 completed weeks (more than 40 weeks such as 40/1 or any documentation that states the baby is over 40 weeks.)
P08.2 Late newborn, not heavy for gestational age
P08.21 Post-term newborn
Newborn with gestation period over 40 completed weeks to 42 completed weeks
P08.22 Prolonged gestation of newborn
Newborn with gestation period over 42 completed weeks (294 days or more), not heavy- or large-for-dates.
Post maturity NOS
O48 Late pregnancy
O48.0 Post-term pregnancy
Pregnancy over 40 completed weeks to 42 completed weeks gestation
Pregnancy which has advanced beyond 42 completed weeks gestation
See also Coding Clinic, Fourth Quarter 2003 Page: 69 Late Infant as it states “…identifies post-term pregnancy as those patients whose pregnancies are between 40 and 42 weeks.
We know that every case is unique. The above post is simply our opinion based on the information we have received. We encourage readers to research subsequent official guidance in the areas associated with this topic as they can change rapidly.